The agreement also stressed the need to supplement the level of the public housing stock or, at the very least, to put an end to the decline in the available stock. Commonwealth aid was to be in the form of grants, not loans, as in the past, and states were required to overpay at least half of the Commonwealth`s unfedested grants on their own resources. Joint Commonwealth assistance plans have been put in place and there has been an increasing emphasis on user rights in rental housing. Government policy and funding support people, whether they are homeless, threatened with homelessness or in need of assistance in providing/maintaining housing. The government is involved in housing assistance in three main areas: social housing, financial assistance (private housing) and specialized services for the homeless. The guidelines and programs work both nationally and nationally.3 Section 96 of the Constitution, which allows the Bundestag to “provide financial assistance to each state under the conditions that Parliament deems appropriate”, was the legal route through which the Commonwealth made CSHA funds available to states and territories to enable the construction of public housing and the granting of funds for the purchase of a house. As has already been said, it should be noted, however, that funding to the CSHA has increased as a result of the decrease in CSHA funding, for example, spending on rental assistance increased from US$1.45 billion in 1994-95 to US$1.7 billion in 2000-11 (Department of Family and Community Services, Annual Report 2000-01, p. 111). This is consistent with the recent trend of relying more on the private rental market to create housing for the poor. The 2003 CSHA, which will come into effect from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2008, will provide more than $4.75 billion in housing assistance, such as public and municipal housing, Aboriginal housing, housing crisis, housing assistance and private rental assistance. Another round of reporting was commissioned by federal and regional governments in the mid-1930s, including the Housing Investigation and Slum Abolition Board (Victoria, 1936), the Housing Slums Investigations Committee (NSW, 1936) and the Building Act Inquiry Committee (South Australia, 1937). These reports consistently highlighted the proven inability of housing-based funding systems to improve the housing system for the working class.  This, combined with increasing social pressure on housing reform, prompted the Tasmanian government in 1935 to establish a housing department through the agricultural bank and, in 1937, established the South Australian Housing Trust, the Victorian Housing Commission in 1938 and the NSW Housing Commission in 1942.
The main objective of the 1984 agreement was to increase the level of public rental housing. Several “ear-marked” grants have been replaced by a series of specific programs for certain groups and segments of the housing market: rentals for Aboriginal people, rentals for retirees, crisis housing, renovated housing, renovated housing and mortgages and rentals.