If the reference company (i.e. Risky Corp)is late, there may be one of two types of billings: it is important to note that credit risk is not eliminated – it has been reported to the CDS seller. The CDS seller may be late at the same time as the borrower`s default. This is one of the main causes of the 2008 credit crisis: CDS sellers such as Lehman Brothers, Bear Stearns and AIG have failed to meet their CDS commitments. This can be very useful in a situation where one or more bonds are difficult to obtain on the open market. Using a portfolio of CDS contracts, an investor can create a synthetic portfolio of bonds with the same credit risk and disbursements. In addition to credit risk hedging, the potential benefits of CDS include, among other things, covering the counterparty risk of a CDS transaction, one of the practices of purchasing CDS protection from counterparty. Positions are put on the market daily and guarantees go from buyer to seller or vice versa to protect both parties from counterparty failure, but money does not always change ownership, as gains and losses are offset by those who have bought and sold both protection and protection. Depository Trust – Clearing Corporation, the clearing house for the majority of transactions in the U.S. over the Counter market, stated in October 2008 that after clearing trades, only $6 billion would be exchanged on October 21 during the liquidation of CDS contracts, issued on Lehman Brother`s debt, which was somewhere between $150 billion and $360 billion.  However, there are also many differences, the main one being that an insurance contract compensates for the actual losses suffered by the policyholder on an asset of which he holds an insured value. On the other hand, a CDS offers all holders an equal payment, calculated according to a market-wide method. The owner does not need to become an owner and does not even have to suffer a loss due to the standard event.
    CdS can therefore be used to speculate on debt securities. The “spread” of a CDS is the annual amount that the buyer must pay to the seller of the protection during the duration of the contract, expressed as a percentage of the nominal amount.